2.1 Ecosystem

What does organic mean?
Organic refers to; material relating to or obtained from living things, chemical compounds compromising only of elements existing in or derived from plants or animals and growing food and other products without using artificial chemicals. 

Organic production of food and other products directly relates to and has an impact of the ecology of a specific area. Ecology is a strand of biology which deals with the relations and interactions between organisms and their environment, including the relationship with other organisms. 

Organic products, edible or not, come from a crop grown under specific conditions that attempt to be in partnership with the natural world rather than dominate it. Organic agriculture emphasises the use of holistic management practices without using harmful chemicals such as pesticides, insecticides, herbicides and fertilisers on the fields.

And when farming organically you’ll maintain the balance in the soil and respect and nurse the vital ecosystem.

Pesticides and 
Especially the pesticides and insecticides are important to take a closer look at. These effective – yet harmful chemicals are some of the major differences between conventional and organic farming.To understand the consequences of using such, we must remember that these chemicals initially have been invented to eradicate. To eradicate unwanted wild plants and bugs – as such would increase the output of the field.

Think about it … our eco system consists of a diversified group of plants, insects and animals. What happens when we continuously kill the insects (intended and the unintended ones)? We put the ecosystem under great pressure. When one part of the eco system is dropping in numbers, i.e. insects, then the next link (for instance birds) starve and their numbers start declining and so on. A downward spiral.

Another very critical consequence of the insecticides is the steeply decline in pollinators (various kinds of insects, most known and the most important is the (honey) bee) either due to the extinction of wild flowers (in conventional fields and cities) or due to the insecticides containing neonicotinoid, also known as neonics. Neonics work by attacking the nerve cells of the pollinators, compromising their behavior and often killing them directly. Neonics are used on more than 140 different types of crops, from apples, tomatoes, wheat to rice and soy beans. Neonics were invented, sold and used widely from the 1990s. The EU banned the most dangerous neonics in 2018, but not the entire group. And that ban covers EU production, not production outside of EU.

Pollinators are vital for bringing life to the next generation of apple trees, wild strawberries and many other fruits, flowers, grains and vegetables.

And in regards of the hunt for maximised field output; it’s contrary to nature and only for the short-term benefit for the ones profiting from this.

When farming organically, you’ll get a lower field output and in general this applies for all crops.